Bird Watching

Sri Lanka is a paradise for bird lovers.  The tropical climate, fascinating landscapes and the wide variety of indigenous and migratory birds, makes Sri Lanka an ideal destination for both local and foreign bird watching enthusiasts.

The wide range of more than 400 species of birds includes over 23 endemic birds and more than 200 migrating birds that arrive from India, Siberia, Scandinavia and Western Europe.  The best time for bird watching is towards the latter part of the year.  In fact, the Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka (The national affiliate of BirdLife International) has declared the month of December as 'National Bird Month.'  Many activities during this month are organised by the Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka, to increase awareness among the general public on the importance of protecting birds and the value of bird life.

Bird watching is commonly engaged in at bird sanctuaries and wetland reserves in the south-east part of the island, where the temperature is tropical and has thus become the ideal destination for migrating birds.  Such locations for ornithologists include Kumana National Park, Kalametiya Bird Sanctuary, the Bodhinagala Sanctuary, Udawatte Kele, Muthuragawala, Sinharaja Rainforest, Horton Plains, Knuckles Mountain Range, Kithulgala and Kanneliya.  Apart from watching birds, these locations are also breathtakingly beautiful in their own right and would prove a rewarding and enriching experience.

Title image by: Sri Lanka Tourism Promotion Bureau


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